1Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International
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14 15Using Creative Commons Public Licenses
16 17Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and
18conditions that creators and other rights holders may use to share
19original works of authorship and other material subject to copyright
20and certain other rights specified in the public license below. The
21following considerations are for informational purposes only, are not
22exhaustive, and do not form part of our licenses.
23 24 Considerations for licensors: Our public licenses are
25 intended for use by those authorized to give the public
26 permission to use material in ways otherwise restricted by
27 copyright and certain other rights. Our licenses are
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52 for the public:
56 57Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public
59 60By exercising the Licensed Rights (defined below), You accept and agree
61to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Creative Commons
62Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License ("Public
63License"). To the extent this Public License may be interpreted as a
64contract, You are granted the Licensed Rights in consideration of Your
65acceptance of these terms and conditions, and the Licensor grants You
66such rights in consideration of benefits the Licensor receives from
67making the Licensed Material available under these terms and
69 70 71Section 1 -- Definitions.
72 73 a. Adapted Material means material subject to Copyright and Similar
74 Rights that is derived from or based upon the Licensed Material
75 and in which the Licensed Material is translated, altered,
76 arranged, transformed, or otherwise modified in a manner requiring
77 permission under the Copyright and Similar Rights held by the
78 Licensor. For purposes of this Public License, where the Licensed
79 Material is a musical work, performance, or sound recording,
80 Adapted Material is always produced where the Licensed Material is
81 synched in timed relation with a moving image.
82 83 b. Adapter's License means the license You apply to Your Copyright
84 and Similar Rights in Your contributions to Adapted Material in
85 accordance with the terms and conditions of this Public License.
86 87 c. BY-SA Compatible License means a license listed at
88 creativecommons.org/compatiblelicenses, approved by Creative
89 Commons as essentially the equivalent of this Public License.
90 91 d. Copyright and Similar Rights means copyright and/or similar rights
92 closely related to copyright including, without limitation,
93 performance, broadcast, sound recording, and Sui Generis Database
94 Rights, without regard to how the rights are labeled or
95 categorized. For purposes of this Public License, the rights
96 specified in Section 2(b)(1)-(2) are not Copyright and Similar
98 99 e. Effective Technological Measures means those measures that, in the
100 absence of proper authority, may not be circumvented under laws
101 fulfilling obligations under Article 11 of the WIPO Copyright
102 Treaty adopted on December 20, 1996, and/or similar international
104 105 f. Exceptions and Limitations means fair use, fair dealing, and/or
106 any other exception or limitation to Copyright and Similar Rights
107 that applies to Your use of the Licensed Material.
108 109 g. License Elements means the license attributes listed in the name
110 of a Creative Commons Public License. The License Elements of this
111 Public License are Attribution and ShareAlike.
112 113 h. Licensed Material means the artistic or literary work, database,
114 or other material to which the Licensor applied this Public
116 117 i. Licensed Rights means the rights granted to You subject to the
118 terms and conditions of this Public License, which are limited to
119 all Copyright and Similar Rights that apply to Your use of the
120 Licensed Material and that the Licensor has authority to license.
121 122 j. Licensor means the individual(s) or entity(ies) granting rights
123 under this Public License.
124 125 k. Share means to provide material to the public by any means or
126 process that requires permission under the Licensed Rights, such
127 as reproduction, public display, public performance, distribution,
128 dissemination, communication, or importation, and to make material
129 available to the public including in ways that members of the
130 public may access the material from a place and at a time
131 individually chosen by them.
132 133 l. Sui Generis Database Rights means rights other than copyright
134 resulting from Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of
135 the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases,
136 as amended and/or succeeded, as well as other essentially
137 equivalent rights anywhere in the world.
138 139 m. You means the individual or entity exercising the Licensed Rights
140 under this Public License. Your has a corresponding meaning.
141 142 143Section 2 -- Scope.
144 145 a. License grant.
146 147 1. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Public License,
148 the Licensor hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free,
149 non-sublicensable, non-exclusive, irrevocable license to
150 exercise the Licensed Rights in the Licensed Material to:
151 152 a. reproduce and Share the Licensed Material, in whole or
153 in part; and
154 155 b. produce, reproduce, and Share Adapted Material.
156 157 2. Exceptions and Limitations. For the avoidance of doubt, where
158 Exceptions and Limitations apply to Your use, this Public
159 License does not apply, and You do not need to comply with
160 its terms and conditions.
161 162 3. Term. The term of this Public License is specified in Section
164 165 4. Media and formats; technical modifications allowed. The
166 Licensor authorizes You to exercise the Licensed Rights in
167 all media and formats whether now known or hereafter created,
168 and to make technical modifications necessary to do so. The
169 Licensor waives and/or agrees not to assert any right or
170 authority to forbid You from making technical modifications
171 necessary to exercise the Licensed Rights, including
172 technical modifications necessary to circumvent Effective
173 Technological Measures. For purposes of this Public License,
174 simply making modifications authorized by this Section 2(a)
175 (4) never produces Adapted Material.
176 177 5. Downstream recipients.
178 179 a. Offer from the Licensor -- Licensed Material. Every
180 recipient of the Licensed Material automatically
181 receives an offer from the Licensor to exercise the
182 Licensed Rights under the terms and conditions of this
183 Public License.
184 185 b. Additional offer from the Licensor -- Adapted Material.
186 Every recipient of Adapted Material from You
187 automatically receives an offer from the Licensor to
188 exercise the Licensed Rights in the Adapted Material
189 under the conditions of the Adapter's License You apply.
190 191 c. No downstream restrictions. You may not offer or impose
192 any additional or different terms or conditions on, or
193 apply any Effective Technological Measures to, the
194 Licensed Material if doing so restricts exercise of the
195 Licensed Rights by any recipient of the Licensed
197 198 6. No endorsement. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or
199 may be construed as permission to assert or imply that You
200 are, or that Your use of the Licensed Material is, connected
201 with, or sponsored, endorsed, or granted official status by,
202 the Licensor or others designated to receive attribution as
203 provided in Section 3(a)(1)(A)(i).
204 205 b. Other rights.
206 207 1. Moral rights, such as the right of integrity, are not
208 licensed under this Public License, nor are publicity,
209 privacy, and/or other similar personality rights; however, to
210 the extent possible, the Licensor waives and/or agrees not to
211 assert any such rights held by the Licensor to the limited
212 extent necessary to allow You to exercise the Licensed
213 Rights, but not otherwise.
214 215 2. Patent and trademark rights are not licensed under this
216 Public License.
217 218 3. To the extent possible, the Licensor waives any right to
219 collect royalties from You for the exercise of the Licensed
220 Rights, whether directly or through a collecting society
221 under any voluntary or waivable statutory or compulsory
222 licensing scheme. In all other cases the Licensor expressly
223 reserves any right to collect such royalties.
224 225 226Section 3 -- License Conditions.
227 228Your exercise of the Licensed Rights is expressly made subject to the
230 231 a. Attribution.
232 233 1. If You Share the Licensed Material (including in modified
234 form), You must:
235 236 a. retain the following if it is supplied by the Licensor
237 with the Licensed Material:
238 239 i. identification of the creator(s) of the Licensed
240 Material and any others designated to receive
241 attribution, in any reasonable manner requested by
242 the Licensor (including by pseudonym if
244 245 ii. a copyright notice;
246 247 iii. a notice that refers to this Public License;
248 249 iv. a notice that refers to the disclaimer of
251 252 v. a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the
253 extent reasonably practicable;
254 255 b. indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and
256 retain an indication of any previous modifications; and
257 258 c. indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this
259 Public License, and include the text of, or the URI or
260 hyperlink to, this Public License.
261 262 2. You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any
263 reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in
264 which You Share the Licensed Material. For example, it may be
265 reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a URI or
266 hyperlink to a resource that includes the required
268 269 3. If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the
270 information required by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent
271 reasonably practicable.
272 273 b. ShareAlike.
274 275 In addition to the conditions in Section 3(a), if You Share
276 Adapted Material You produce, the following conditions also apply.
277 278 1. The Adapter's License You apply must be a Creative Commons
279 license with the same License Elements, this version or
280 later, or a BY-SA Compatible License.
281 282 2. You must include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, the
283 Adapter's License You apply. You may satisfy this condition
284 in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and
285 context in which You Share Adapted Material.
286 287 3. You may not offer or impose any additional or different terms
288 or conditions on, or apply any Effective Technological
289 Measures to, Adapted Material that restrict exercise of the
290 rights granted under the Adapter's License You apply.
291 292 293Section 4 -- Sui Generis Database Rights.
294 295Where the Licensed Rights include Sui Generis Database Rights that
296apply to Your use of the Licensed Material:
297 298 a. for the avoidance of doubt, Section 2(a)(1) grants You the right
299 to extract, reuse, reproduce, and Share all or a substantial
300 portion of the contents of the database;
301 302 b. if You include all or a substantial portion of the database
303 contents in a database in which You have Sui Generis Database
304 Rights, then the database in which You have Sui Generis Database
305 Rights (but not its individual contents) is Adapted Material,
306 307 including for purposes of Section 3(b); and
308 c. You must comply with the conditions in Section 3(a) if You Share
309 all or a substantial portion of the contents of the database.
310 311For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 4 supplements and does not
312replace Your obligations under this Public License where the Licensed
313Rights include other Copyright and Similar Rights.
314 315 316Section 5 -- Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability.
317 318 a. UNLESS OTHERWISE SEPARATELY UNDERTAKEN BY THE LICENSOR, TO THE
319 EXTENT POSSIBLE, THE LICENSOR OFFERS THE LICENSED MATERIAL AS-IS
320 AND AS-AVAILABLE, AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF
321 ANY KIND CONCERNING THE LICENSED MATERIAL, WHETHER EXPRESS,
322 IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHER. THIS INCLUDES, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
323 WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
324 PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS,
325 ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT
326 KNOWN OR DISCOVERABLE. WHERE DISCLAIMERS OF WARRANTIES ARE NOT
327 ALLOWED IN FULL OR IN PART, THIS DISCLAIMER MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
328 329 b. TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, IN NO EVENT WILL THE LICENSOR BE LIABLE
330 TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
331 NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INDIRECT,
332 INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR OTHER LOSSES,
333 COSTS, EXPENSES, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS PUBLIC LICENSE OR
334 USE OF THE LICENSED MATERIAL, EVEN IF THE LICENSOR HAS BEEN
335 ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES, OR
336 DAMAGES. WHERE A LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS NOT ALLOWED IN FULL OR
337 IN PART, THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
338 339 c. The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided
340 above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent
341 possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and
342 waiver of all liability.
343 344 345Section 6 -- Term and Termination.
346 347 a. This Public License applies for the term of the Copyright and
348 Similar Rights licensed here. However, if You fail to comply with
349 this Public License, then Your rights under this Public License
350 terminate automatically.
351 352 b. Where Your right to use the Licensed Material has terminated under
353 Section 6(a), it reinstates:
354 355 1. automatically as of the date the violation is cured, provided
356 it is cured within 30 days of Your discovery of the
357 violation; or
358 359 2. upon express reinstatement by the Licensor.
360 361 For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 6(b) does not affect any
362 right the Licensor may have to seek remedies for Your violations
363 of this Public License.
364 365 c. For the avoidance of doubt, the Licensor may also offer the
366 Licensed Material under separate terms or conditions or stop
367 distributing the Licensed Material at any time; however, doing so
368 will not terminate this Public License.
369 370 d. Sections 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 survive termination of this Public
372 373 374Section 7 -- Other Terms and Conditions.
375 376 a. The Licensor shall not be bound by any additional or different
377 terms or conditions communicated by You unless expressly agreed.
378 379 b. Any arrangements, understandings, or agreements regarding the
380 Licensed Material not stated herein are separate from and
381 independent of the terms and conditions of this Public License.
382 383 384Section 8 -- Interpretation.
385 386 a. For the avoidance of doubt, this Public License does not, and
387 shall not be interpreted to, reduce, limit, restrict, or impose
388 conditions on any use of the Licensed Material that could lawfully
389 be made without permission under this Public License.
390 391 b. To the extent possible, if any provision of this Public License is
392 deemed unenforceable, it shall be automatically reformed to the
393 minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable. If the provision
394 cannot be reformed, it shall be severed from this Public License
395 without affecting the enforceability of the remaining terms and
397 398 c. No term or condition of this Public License will be waived and no
399 failure to comply consented to unless expressly agreed to by the
401 402 d. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be interpreted
403 as a limitation upon, or waiver of, any privileges and immunities
404 that apply to the Licensor or You, including from the legal
405 processes of any jurisdiction or authority.
406 407 408=======================================================================
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